- – Accrual is the accumulation of monetary figures over a period of time. It is a standard method of accounting, but also refers to the premiums and discounts applied to forward exchange transactions on a deposit swap deal throughout the period of the deal.
- – An adjustment is an official action taken by a central bank in order to influence the exchange rate of the central bank's currency. The purpose of an adjustment is to reduce fluctuations in the rate over the short term.
- – An annualised figure represents the behaviour of a monetary or financial element over the course of a year.